Multiboxing is a term used to denote one user playing multiple accounts simultaneously. This can be done using one or more machines. Solutions exist for both the PC and Mac. There are also solutions for using both PC and Mac at the same time. The following pages contain more detailed information than presented here, Multiboxing hardware, Multiboxing software, Multiboxing macros, and Scripts.
For some players there is not enough challenge in playing only one character at a time. Others look to recreate the feel of old time Computer Role Playing Games where a well designed team was used to adventure together. There are also some who don't want to rely on others to play the game when one character is not enough for someone to really test themselves.
Background of Multiboxing
As noted above in the term description, multiboxing is a game play style accepted by Blizzard . The multiboxing solutions documented here do not violate Blizzard's EULA for the World of Warcraft game. In order to multibox in World of Warcraft, you will need to have all of the following criteria areas addressed:
- One World of Warcraft registered account per game client you wish to multibox (example: 5 characters = 5 accounts). This means you will have to purchase multiple copies of the game, including all required expansions. Note: You can multibox using trial accounts. However, to form a party, your leader must be a paid account.
- The computing power to run the desired number of games. This can be achieved by using 1 computer or multiple computers. A simple computer costing under $700 is sufficient to multibox 
- The ability to "broadcast" your game commands to all your running games. This can be done by using Multiboxing software or Multiboxing hardware.
How complex of a solution do you want? A software-only solution using one machine and multiple copies of the game is pretty straightforward. For many, the real complexity is in writing macros that allow each character to function properly in the group. Because characters are sharing hotkeys, a lot of care must be put into what effects each hotkey activates. The end result is that you can become very knowledgeable in using the game's Macro language and available Addons.
This section will cover the basics of multiboxing. While hardware and software requirements will be mentioned, more extensive detail will be found on either of the following two pages Multiboxing Hardware Requirements and Multiboxing Software Requirements
You will need to purchase the game, and depending on needs the expansion as well, for each account you wish to run simultaneously. A minimum of one installation of the game software must be present on each computer. A single installation directory can be used to open multiple instances of the game client. It is not necessary to have multiple WoW directories on a machine to run multiple WoW Windows. The single directory installation option saves hard drive space and simplifies setup and maintenance of your user interface and add-ons. Some users prefer to maintain several copies of the game files on one computer. It is widely believed that multiple installations of the game client will improve performance, however this is only partly true. Multiple installations will improve performance only if each installation is on a different physical drive. If the multiple directory method of installation is chosen you will need to maintain add-ons and user interface changes for each installation separately. Users of Mac computers can symbolic link the Data directory to save space when running multiple copies on one machine.
Users of Windows XP or newer with NTFS can use Junction Links for the same effect. Windows Vista/7 can use the included MKLINK program to create a junction. Windows XP users have to resort to a third party program (e.g. Junction Link Magic).
To run two or more copies on the same machine, it is recommended that it contain a dual core processor, discrete 3d graphics accelerator, and at least one gigabyte of memory. Additional copies on the same machine will require faster processors and more memory. When using multiple machines, try to keep all of them identical.
Key/mouse broadcasting software
There are multiple methods of broadcasting keystrokes from one client to another, either on the same machine or across multiple machines. Mouse broadcasting is the method from which you use and activate your mouse from 1 main game window and it has reflected actions upon other game windows. While this is not needed for all forms of multiboxing, it is a boon to those who play Mage / Warlock / Druid classes due to the requirement those classes have to target area-of-effect type of spells.
Keyboard, Video, and Mouse, switches (KVMs for short) are an option when using multiple machines. A Vetra Keyboard Multiplexer is one example for controlling multiple machines. Additional monitors may also be needed, note that the the secondary characters do not need to be on large monitors and there benefits with using smaller monitors to view their actions.
Some of the choices you make are strictly within the game. From server type, character types, to the races of the characters.
PvE or PvP
Player versus Environment
Player versus Environment is the easy solution. Even if the eventual goal is to play on a Player versus Player server getting practice with multiboxing will be much easier on the PvE server. PvE is very forgiving. Events are scripted, generally start when you start them, and allow for as many tries as you want.
Player versus Player
Player versus Player interactions will require a unique approach when multiboxing, very different than PVE gameplay. Because of this uniqueness, you may find yourself in a situation where your typical macros for Player versus Environment do not apply to PVP gameplay. You may find that it will require more advance macros and more thought put into contingency plans.
Scout out the server and see what kind of ratio it has. Is it an old server or a new one? Old servers tend to have established PvP and knowledgeable players. It can be harder to find groups, not an issue if you are five boxing, and they tend to have a more vibrant auction system and economy. A good method to find a new server to multibox on is to ask in various forums if there are any existing multiboxing guilds on the server. If so, ask in advance if you may join the guild before making that server your new home. If you are playing on US servers, one of the largest multiboxing guilds in the entire game is on the Blackrock server, Horde side. [Update] The largest and most active multiboxing guild in the world currently resides on Magtheridon [Horde] named <The Zerg> they are comprised of three guilds due to Blizzard's limitation of 1000 members per guild as of the release of Cataclysm. They are <The Zerg>, <The Protoss>, and <The Terran>. To join ask any available officer.
Class selection. This depends on both your playstyle and the type of server you play on. For the ability to heal and dish out burst damage choose a Priest and four Mages. Other options are to replace the Mages with Warlocks, replace the Priest with another healer class like a Druid, Shaman, or even a Paladin. A very popular one-class choice is to have multiple Shamans. Due to the macros, one set of shamans in a battleground can simultaneously cast Chain Lightning, which can effectively destroy even the hardiest of twinks. Due to game mechanics picking two classes is far easier to deal with than using three or more classes. Even if five different classes is more appropriate being able to direct it is another issue. It comes down to how consistent the actions between the classes are and how the hotkeys can best be shared between them. When you are beginning multiboxing it is recommended to limit the number of classes.
Some consideration of racial abilities for PvP is warranted. Undead have Will of the Forsaken which breaks Fear which is very bad when grouped up. Other good racial abilities are the Tauren Warstomp and Blood elf who have the ability chain two second silence effects. Race selection also limits class selection so some choices will not be available regardless.
Believe it or not, the names you pick for your characters make a difference. By picking logical names you will be quicker to react and it will be easier to tell your characters apart. An example, where you have four Mages and one Priest. Choose a unique multi-letter name and then suffix it to identify which character is which. Naming the first four characters mynameA, mynameB, mynameC, and mynameD, makes it easy to remember they are the the mages, whereas naming the priest mynameX provides enough distinction to separate him out. Why the last letter? Simple in PvP your opponent could say /target A and get the first character whose name starts with an A! You could also name them for their role in the party. Recognition of which character is which will come over time, using a naming strategy speeds up the process. Conversely, if PvP is your primary objective, you may wish to pick names that all sound alike so that opponents using voice communication (e.g. Ventrilo) cannot easily designate one of your targets. Changing letter combinations (e.g. Aellii, Aellei, Aellie, Aelli) or substituting certain vowels (e.g. Boylston, Boylstun, Boylsten) may cause a slight delay in one of your characters being focused-fired upon in an Arena. For your first team it is highly reccomended that you do not use any special characters in the names. It can make it difficult with macros and addon settings later on.
Play area layout
Once again, this small detail makes a difference. If you run 5 or 6 monitors, I strongly suggest some logical order to how your characters are arranged and which computer runs which character. Your "main" is generally in the middle and the secondaries flank your main to either side. My personal choice is A in the lower left, B upper left, C upper right and D lower right. Clockwise with X in the lower middle. The upper middle is for browsing the internet, looking up quests, vent, etc. My key arrangement mirrors this and the X-Keys Desktop and Pro are perfect for this kind of setup as they have 8 keys wide and 5 vertical. Making your physical interface as intuitive as possible will speed the learning process and make far more logical sense when playing.
If you choose the hardware method the hard part is paying for it all. You will need four identical machines. Literally, identical machines, down to the revision numbers on the components. I build my own machines but buying them is certainly an option. This project, done at its most basic hardware level, will cost $4280, not counting tax and shipping. Done right, it will push $5k, plus monthly fees. Depending on your perspective, this may be a lot of money. Nobody ever said multiboxing at this level was cheap but I can certainly think of far more expensive hobbies. The other solution is using a virtual machine with a multi-core processor, which can be significantly cheaper.
Powerleveling does not really work in WoW, so leveling up is tricky if you already have a level 80 and want to add more characters. The best way to level is to level them all at the same time. You can do so with questing alone, questing and instances or just instances. Questing is a good bet as the experience is great, the mobs are easy and you get faction. However, you will want to avoid every single collection quest as you will need to do them five times. Not fun. I personally suggest instance grinding. Elites give great experience and about the time you get tired of an instance, you level out of it. The only downside is the time wasted learning the instance and at the lower levels, learning just how to multibox. One solution to the issue of learning of the instance is to download a dungeon map addon, so that you may become familiar with the dungeon you will be constantly running.
Multiboxers find a range of WoW Addons helpful, often including addons that communicate with other members of their team, such as Jamba.<ref>http://wow.curse.com/downloads/wow-addons/details/jamba.aspx</ref>
There are quest accepting macros out there. They work pretty well for accepting quests on the "secondary" characters. Right click, hit the quest accept macro and you are done. Sharing quests is another way to do this but not every quest can be shared.
This macro will make your pet attack your current target if you have a target. Otherwise, it will attack the focus target. For example, if you have multiple warlocks and assign each one a target, their corresponding pets will attack those targets or assist your main and attack your main's target instead.
/petattack /stopmacro [target=target, exists] /petattack [target=focustarget]
What happens when my main dies?
You need to setup your macros to allow for transitioning to another "main". This will mean physically moving to another mouse and changing your /assists or /focus to another character. This is doable with custom LUA scripts or simply a dedicated keyboard (or X-Key). I will leave that up to you - usually when my priest dies, I am out of mana and going down anyway. Often times it is faster to do this in battlegrounds as you rez with nearly full mana and health - but there are times when you will need to continue fighting and not just stand there. It took me quite a while to figure this one out - and I will leave this to you.
Fighting against a multiboxer
Fighting against a multiboxer with a large group can be easier than it would seem. Find out who the main character is and target him, once he/she is defeated the rest of the group can be made vulnerable while the player swaps to another characters display.
- Community forums
- ISBoxer.com Forums
- Multiboxing.com Forums
- Dual Boxing Forums
- French Dual Boxing Forums
- Jamba Addon
- Dual-Boxing Wiki
- French guide about software, macro and hardware
- Multiboxing Guides
- WoW Insider Interview with Xzin
- Multiboxing to Level 80 Nirvana
- Guides and Strategies
- Large list of strategies, frequently updated
- Game Theory
- Sirlin Game Design Theory
- GM Conversations
- Dual-Boxing.com GM Conversation links
- Xzin GM Conversation
- Blizzard recent post on subject
- Mousecloner.com GM conversations and Blizzard forum postings
- Toxicmoon also known as Bradster. A five box gamer that has released many boxing videos. Two of his PvP videos was placed in the feature moved section of the popular site Warcraft Movies.
- Mr. Stoneskins blog!
- Slat's Blog - (1x Paladin, 4x Shaman)
- Simulacra's Blog (1x Paladin, 4x Shaman)
- Konnichiwa Blog - (5xShaman)
- Captns Log - WoW
- Team Wizzy - DAoC
- Dual-boxing.com blog links
- Russian instruction for create dual-box